About the Institute of Physiology and Pathophysiology
In addition to its role as a teaching centre, the Institute of Physiology and Pathophysiology is also a health care provider and research institute. It teaches courses in physiology and pathological physiology for the General Medicine Master’s degree at the Faculty of Medicine, as well as providing pathophysiology courses for all Bachelor programmes at the Faculty. Its specialist courses include occupational physiology and ergonomics, special investigative methods in occupational physiology, diseases of civilization and nutritional physiology (at Bachelor’s and Master’s levels). The teaching combines both theoretical instruction (lectures) and practical training.
The Institute coordinates the Bachelor degree for nutritional therapists, which trains professionals to work in preventive and therapeutic nutrition-related care. The degree is available both in full-time and part-time study forms. The Institute also offers lifelong learning courses, seminars and projects related to nutrition therapy.
The Institute’s teaching rooms and laboratories enable it to provide top-quality teaching in accordance with the latest medical trends. Practical physiology training takes place in a lab equipped with the PowerLab system (AD Instruments), and also in the hematology laboratory. With this system, students working in small groups can conduct a wide range of experiments enabling them to acquire and reinforce their knowledge of the functions of individual organ systems (cardiovascular, respiratory, muscular, sensory and nervous systems).
The Institute also has a laboratory for anthropometric measurements, measurements of energy output, functional examinations of the cardiopulmonary system, measurements of heat load, and investigations of movement using integrated electromyographic methods. This equipment is used for both teaching and research – as well as for producing expert reports for sports medicine purposes.
Part of the Institute is an Obesity Research Centre, which was established in conjunction with the Endoscopy Centre at Ostrava University Hospital’s Internal Medicine Clinic and the Bariatric Centre of Vítkovice Hospital. The Obesity Research Centre assesses the effectiveness of various methods of obesity therapy and the impact of these methods on hormonal and metabolic changes in patients. The research centre also includes a Nutrition Advice Centre, which helps people modify their eating habits and also provides nutritional support to patients who have undergone bariatric or endoscopic treatment. When assessing the effectiveness of treatment we measure and evaluate body composition using state-of-the-art equipment: NutriguardM (bioelectrical impedance) and Discovery A (DEXA – dual energy X-ray absorptiometry). For more information see the Obesity Research Centre’s homepage.
Research at the Institute of Physiology and Pathophysiology focuses on the following areas:
- Metabolism of fat and bone tissue in relation to obesity
- Nutritional deficits in patients after bariatric treatment
- Monogenic types of obesity focusing on children
- Experimental endoscopic methods of obesity treatment
- Reaction of the organism to heat and cold
- Physical fitness and health among emergency response workers (firefighters, mine rescue teams, paramedics)
- Influence of long-term light deprivation on changes in the cardiovascular, sensory and endocrine systems